Nutrition Publication

NNIW18 - Intrauterine Growth Retardation

Editor(s): J. Santerre. vol. 18

Related Articles

Placental Circulation and Fetal Growth

Author(s): P.L. Toubas

Fetal growth retardation is a universal problem. The growth-retarded fetus carriesa substantially increased perinatal mortality (1,2) and morbidity in the neonatalperiod and during infancy (2,3).

Hormonal Regulation of Fetal Growth

Author(s): J. Girard

The regulation of fetal growth is complex and still very poorly understood. It involvesgenetic factors, maternal nutrition and cardiovascular adaptations, placentalgrowth and function, and to a lesser extent fetal factors, including fetal hormones.

Fetal Energy and Protein Metabolism

Author(s): W.W. Hay

The focus of this chapter is fetal energy and protein metabolism. As in postnatallife, energy metabolism and protein metabolism are closely interrelated, based onthe contribution of net protein accretion to the energy cost of growth, and on thecontribution of protein oxidation, which is influenced by the supply and utilizationof nonprotein energy substrates, to the overall metabolic rate.

Definitions: Problems and Limitations of Intrauterine Growth Curves

Author(s): R.G. Pearse

Although there are numerous problems with "intrauterine" growth curves, theyhave probably done more to alert obstetricians and pediatricians to the complicationsof aberrant intrauterine growth than any other single factor.

Sonographic Evaluation Of Fetal Growth And Well-Being

Author(s): J.W. Seeds

Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) is not itself a discrete disease process butan abnormality of fetal growth common to a variety of different conditions (1-4).

Endocrine Assessment of Feto-Placental Growth

Author(s): L. Cedard, J. Leblond, G. Tanguy

Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) accounts for increased perinatal morbidityand mortality, and the early identification of the growth-retarded fetus remains a keyfactor in achieving the most favorable outcome for the infant and the mother.

Intrauterine Growth Retardation: Management of Delivery

Author(s): H. Bossart

"Management" of delivery means observing and taking stock of a great numberof factors concerning the mother and infant.

Morbidity And Mortality In Intrauterine Growth Retardation

Author(s): P. Rosso

Nearly three decades ago it became apparent that a significant number of lowbirthweight newborns classified as premature were born at term.

Anthropometry in Brazilian Newborn Infants: Studies of Association With Some Maternal Factors

Author(s): F. Jose de Nobrega, F. Ancona Lopez, C.A.M. Segre

This paper describes a study coordinated by Professor Fernando Jose de Nobregaand produced by a working team on undernutrition from the Brazilian Society of Pediatrics(1).

Intrauterine Growth Retardation in Africa

Author(s): C. Robyn, M. S. Keita, S. Meuris

In 1979, some 21 million low birthweight babies (<2,500 g) were born in theworld. This represents about 17% of all births in that year (1). In those countrieswhere the proportion of low birthweight is the highest and where action is needed,data on birthweight are scarce or even non-existent.

Intrauterine Growth Retardation in India and Bangladesh

Author(s): C.A. Canosa

The birthweight (BW) of a newborn infant is probably the most important singlefactor that affects his/her survival and quality of life (1-8). Birthweight is determinedby two factors: the duration of gestation and the amount of intrauterinegrowth; therefore birthweight can be modified by variation in combinations of thesefactors (9-11).

Risk Factors Associated with Intrauterine Growth Retardation in Developed Countries: Italy as an Example

Author(s): A. Marini, C. Vegni

Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) can result from a variety of environmental or genetic influences of fetal growth (1).

Panel Discussion for B. Wharton, F. J. De Nobrega

Author(s): C. Robyn, C.A. Canosa, A. Marini Chapters

Dr. Rachagan: It has been reported in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology thatoral correction of anemia in pregnancy is associated with a poor fetal outcome. Could Dr. Whartoncomment on this please?

Food Supplements during Pregnancy

Author(s): J. Suescun, J.O. Mora

There is general agreement among experts in human growth on the importance ofthe intrauterine period and early childhood up to the age of 6 years as basic criticalstages in the development of man.

Postnatal Experiences of Intrauterine Growth-Retarded Infants

Author(s): J. Villar, J. Belizan, V. Smeriglio

Intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) represents one of the most important perinatalsyndromes.

Nutritional Problems and Catch-Up Growth in Infants with Intrauterine Growth Retardation

Author(s): P. Chessex

In the past, it was common practice to relate low birthweight to prematurity.However, a number of environmental, maternal, placental, and fetal factors havebeen recognized as causing intrauterine growth retardation (IUGR) in babies whoare small-for-gestational-age (SGA).