Nutrition Publication

NNIW22 - History of Pediatrics 1850-1950

Editor(s): A. Ballabriga, N. Kretchmer, B. Nichols. vol. 22

Related Articles

One Century of Pediatrics in Europe

Author(s): A. Ballabriga

His works would substitute some aspects of the theoretical Naturphilosophie dominant in Germany, and promoted by Schelling (1775-1858). Later on, Schônlein (1793-1864) and Johannes Müller (1801-1858), among others, would try to replace these philosophical speculations with clinicat and experimental facts. Laënnec began a confrontation with classical medicine-his new doctrine being based on the conjunction of exploratory clinical examination with the introduction of clinical auscultation (18) and clinical anatomie method.

German Pediatrics

Author(s): W. Braun

In dealing with this topic I shall concentrate on German countries only and exclude German-speaking countries such as Austria and the German-speaking part of Switzerland, although the pediatric relationships between these countries and Germany are of great importance for the development of pediatrics and child health. The term school needs explanation, since different definitions are used.

British Pediatrics

Author(s): J.A. Davis

Although the period to be covered in this workshop is the century beginning in 1850, the history of pediatrics in Britain since then cannot be understood except in relation to movements and events in the century before, i.e., approximately from 1750 to 1850.

French Pediatrics

Author(s): R. Laplane

Throughout the period 1850-1950, pediatrics progressed on two parallel courses: child welfare, which we call in French Puericulture, and pediatrics, dealing with disease. I shall underline the contributions made by the major French pediatricians to both these branches and then discuss some of our main schools of pediatrics.

The European Roots of American Pediatrics

Author(s): B.L. Nichols

Although modern scientific methods were first applied to medicine at the dawn of the eighteenth century, pediatric medicine as a science did not develop until a century later. Subtle shifts in attitude began to emerge after Rousseau (1712-1778) questioned the philosophic concept of the time, i.e., that man was naturally evil, and proposed that children were born naturally good.

Pediatrics in the United States

Author(s): H.A. Pearson

The embryonic beginnings of pediatrics in the United States can be traced back to shortly after the founding of the English colonies in the early seventeenth century. For 200 years medical care of children was largely handled by parents, midwives, and nurses.

Mexican Pediatrics

Author(s): S. Frenk, I. Avila-Cisneros

The embryonic beginnings of pediatrics in the United States can be traced back to shortly after the founding of the English colonies in the early seventeenth century. For 200 years medical care of children was largely handled by parents, midwives, and nurses.

Infant Feeding

Author(s): S.J. Fomon

Changes in infant feeding practices from 1850 to 1950 were more dramatic than during any earlier period, and most of the many developments since 1950 seem trivial by comparison

Breast Feeding in Fine Art

Author(s): J.K. Visakorpi

In connection with a campaign to promote breast feeding in Finland during the lace 1970s, my attention was attracted to classical paintings presenting breast feeding mothers. As a layman in the history of art, I first thought that these pieces were exceptions

Pediatric Allergy and Immunology

Author(s): J.A. Bellanti, S.G. Cohen

Appendix: Pediatric Journals and their First Year of Publication

Author(s): J.C. Waterlow