Nutrition Publication

NNIW51 - Control of Fluid and Food Intake in Health and Disease

Editor(s): M.J.G. Farthing, D. Mahalanabis. vol. 51

Related Articles

Integrated Strategies of Chronic Diarrheal Disease in Childhood

Author(s): A.M. Molla

Diarrheal disease still kills millions of children every year. Most of these incidencesoccur among the children of the developing countries. Because chronic diarrheaoriginates from the episodes of acute diarrhea, it is important to consider thecauses, pathophysiology, and management of acute diarrhea.

The Global Burden of Dehydrating Disease

Author(s): R.I. Glass, J. Bresee, U. Parashar

Dehydration is the loss of fluids and electrolytes that, depending on extent, cancompromise the health and well-being of an individual and in extreme cases, provefatal.

Gastrointestinal Dysfunction and Anorexia: Role of Brain-Gut Axis

Author(s): V.L.W. Go, Y. Tache

Nearly a century ago, Pavlov's experimental work confirmed the earlier independent,clinical work by Beaumont and Cabanis demonstrating that the brain influencesgut function (1—3).

Hunger and Satiety: A View from the Brain

Author(s): G. Williams, J. Harrold, C. Bing

The regulation of energy homeostasis is an area that straddles neurobiology, classicalendocrinology, and metabolism. It is currently one of the most exciting andrapidly advancing topics in biomedical research;

Recent Developments in Oral Replacement of Fluid and Electrolyte Losses

Author(s): D. Mahalanabis

Oral rehydration therapy (ORT), using a solution of glucose and three salts (ORS)is an elegant and deceptively simple therapeutic technology, to treat or preventdehydration from diarrhea, that stood the test of time over the past 25 years of use.

The Global Burden of Nutritional Disease: The Case of Latin America

Author(s): C. Albala, F. Vio, R. Uauy

The control and prevention of undemutrition is an unfinished work in many countries.At the same time nutrition-related chronic diseases are now the main causesof disability and death, not only globally but also in most developing countries (1).

The Role of the Gut in Controlling Nutrient Intake

Author(s): C. Beglinger

Near the end of the nineteenth century, Pavlov suggested that digestive secretionsincluding exocrine pancreatic secretion were exclusively controlled by neural reflexmechanisms (1).

Novel Approaches to the Reduction and Control of Body Fat Mass

Author(s): G.A. Bray

As the epidemic of obesity has grown over the past 20 years, the need to understandthe elements of treatment has become more important. Along with this understandingwill come novel ideas about techniques, strategies, molecules, and procedures thatcan be used to curtail the devastating effects of this epidemic.

Mechanisms by Which Fluid Homeostasis Is Disturbed in Disease: Fluid Loss from the Small Intestine

Author(s): M.J.G. Farthing

Dehydration is a feature of many illnesses resulting either from increased fluidlosses from the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract, skin, and respiratory tract; orfrom inadequate fluid intake.

Fluid and Electrolyte Homeostasis in Infants and Children

Author(s): G.J. Fuchs

Maintenance of body water and electrolytes is the result of tightly regulated balancesof intakes and outputs mediated by elegant and complex physiologic mechanisms.Total body water (TB W) consists of extracellular fluid (ECF) and intracellularfluid (ICF) and, as a percentage of body weight, changes with age decreasing particularlyrapidly within the first year of life (1).

Novel Interventions for the Control of Disease-Related Anorexia

Author(s): W. Langhans

Anorexia is a common feature of many diseases. In the initial phase of systemicinfections, the anorexia is part of the generalized host defense reaction, which istermed "acute phase response" (APR) (1).

Food Intake, Metabolism, and Obesity in Humans

Author(s): M.S. Westerterp-Plantenga

Humans are continuous metabolizers but ingest food discontinuously. Althoughenergy expenditure determines the energy requirement, energy intake is indirectlytuned to energy expenditure.

Molecular Basis of Disease-Related Anorexia

Author(s): A. Ballinger

Weight loss is a common accompaniment to many chronic inflammatory conditions,cancer and acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The potentialcauses of weight loss include reduced energy intake secondary to loss of appetite(anorexia), increased energy expenditure or in the case of gut inflammation, malabsorptionof nutrients from the inflamed gut.

Treatment of Acute Diarrhea in Children

Author(s): M.K. Bhan, R. Bhal, N. Bhandari

Acute diarrhea is a common cause of childhood morbidity in both developed anddeveloping countries; it is the second most important cause of mortality in the latter.Acute watery diarrhea causes water, electrolyte, and acid-base imbalance.

The Role of the Colon

Author(s): B.S. Ramakrishna

The colon is an organ that, for long, was considered to be responsible merely forthe storage of waste material, and its disposal at a convenient time as feces.