Nutrition Publication

The Nest 35: Consequences of Under- and over-nutrition in Early Childhood

Editor(s): Z. A. Bhutta, Z. Lassi . vol. 35 /

This issue of the The Nest looks at the consequences of 
under- and overnutrition in early childhood through three articles by leading experts: Zulfiqar A. Bhutta and Zohra Lassi look at under- and overnutrition in the first thousand days of live and the importance of the problem and interventions. Patrick Detzel presents the economic rationale for micronutrient fortification as a means to improve health and, in turn, economic and social development. Finally, Bo Lönnerdal and Olle Hernell look at the impact of under- and overnutrition 
of iron in infancy and early childhood. 

Related Articles

Under- and over-nutrition in the First Thousand Days: The Importance of the Problem and Interventions

Author(s): Z. Bhutta, Z. Lassi

Both maternal undernutrition and obesityare huge public health problemsassociated with adverse outcomes.It is estimated that close to 27% ofall births in low- and middle-incomecountries may be small for gestationalage and associated with maternal malnutrition.Maternal obesity is associated witha high risk of adverse maternal outcomesand an excess risk of macrosomicbabies, birth asphyxia or traumaand newborn mortality.

The Economic Rationale for Micronutrient Fortification

Author(s): P. Detzel

Micronutrient deficiencies remain asignificant global health challenge. Deficiencies may not only have adverseeffects on the quality of people’s livesbut may also result in significant developmentaland social consequences.Reducing micronutrient defi cienciesthrough effective policies and targetednutrition intervention strategiescan bring significant health benefits forpeople, thus positively impacting theirlocal economies.

Under- and over-nutrition of Iron in Infancy and Early Childhood

Author(s): B. Lonnerdal, O. Hernell

Iron supplementation/fortification willprevent iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia in many infants whoneed iron, but infants with adequateiron status provided iron may be at riskfor adverse outcomes.