Nutrition Publication

NNIW20 - Changing Needs in Pediatric Education

Editor(s): C. Canosa & V. Vaughan. vol. 20

Related Articles

Adaptation of Pediatrie Education to Specifie Needs of Industrialized Countries

Author(s): G.R. Burgio

Pédiatrie Education for General Practitioners at Undergraduate and Postgraduate Levels

Author(s): G.R. Burgio

Pédiatrie Education for General Practitioners in Developing Countries: Démographie Aspects, Morbidity, Health Systems, and Demand

Author(s): M.K. Gabr

Almost ail developing countries suffer from similar community characteristics that influence pediatrie education for the general practitioner. These include demographie,social, cultural, geophysical, economie, and political factors.

Pédiatrie Education for General Practitioners: Critical Analysis of the Present Health Teaching System

Author(s): A. Majid Molla

In this chapter, I shall limit my presentation to pediatrie education. I shall analyze the current situation in Pakistan, where I presently work.

Continuing Pediatrie Education for Pediatrie Practitioners

Author(s): C-L. Chen

Along with the advancement of medicine, pediatrie practice has progressed greatly in diagnosis and in general treatment.

Pediatrie Education for Specialists at Primary and Secondary Levels

Author(s): J.K. Visakorpi

The ideological background to medical education, at least in the Western world, has for decades been the well-known ideas presented by Abraham Flexner in 1910 (1). The essential concepts of the Flexner report are as follows:

Health Teaching For Pediatrie Specialists and Subspecialists in Taiwan

Author(s): H-C. Lue

To prepare physicians for a career in child health care as primary specialist pedia-tricians or as secondary specialists (pediatrie allergists, pediatrie cardiologists, etc.), a complete health teaching System is required, providing active and well-structured residency and fellowship training programs (Fig. 1).

Pediatrie Education for General Practitioners: An Intussusception in Student Teaching

Author(s): J.D. Baum

In the United Kingdom (UK), technologically complex hospital medicine, with its high standing in the media and public opinion, has developed separately from community-based medicine.

Child Health Teaching for General Practitioners: Information, Motivation, Decision, and Authorities

Author(s): H-C. Lue

It is only 10 years until the 21st century arrives. Time ne ver stands still, but con-stantly changes. To meet the changing needs of pediatrie education for general practitionersat graduate and postgraduate levels, fondamental information about subjects such as growth and development, population pyramids, and morbidity and mortality changes must be modified with time (Table 1).

Pediatrie Education for Specialists: Description of Health Systems and Demand in Less Developed Countries

Author(s): F.J. de Nobrega

Poverty, one of the most prominant features of the less developed countries, is also the most negative factor, limiting these countries in ail aspects. The various publications about these regions still lack accurate demographie information, since it is difficult to obtain officiai data from many countries. Moreover, communicationswithin these countries are extremely poor.

Pediatrie Education for Specialists: Critical Analysis of the Present Health Teaching System

Author(s): A. Ballabriga

homogenous model of the objectives and methodology for pediatrie training for specialists at primary and secondary levels cannot be established because the factors that influence this pediatrie training are different in many countries.

Pediatrie Education for Subspecialists

Author(s): F.D. Burg

pediatrie subspecialist is, in most cases, an individual who has already mas-tered the skills and abilities of the general pediatrician and who has taken additional educational experiences to learn how to deal with the problems of infants, children, and adolescents in a specialized area of pediatrics.

Pediatrie Education For Specialists in Less Developed Countries: Undergraduate and Postgraduate Training

Author(s): F.J. de Nobrega

For the specifie objectives of teaching pediatrics, I believe that the publication Ensefianza de la Pediatria en las Escuelas de Medicine de la America Latina (PediatrieTeaching in Latin-American Medical Schools), written in 1969 (1), is still valid. For this reason, I transcribe it here:

Pediatrie Education in Less Developed Countries

Author(s): J. Cravioto, P. Cravioto, G. Bravo

The group of nations known in the Western world by the generic name of less developedcountries because they are still in the pre-industrial stage of economie de-velopment, is highly heterogeneous in many different aspects related to their social structure, economie level, historical development, urbanization, traditions, taboos, religion, infrastructure of health services, traditions of health care and beliefs about disease, purchasing power of the population, political Systems, etc.

Medical Education in the People's Republic of China

Author(s): W.D. Sawyer

The education of physicians is a huge, diverse, and fast-changing undertaking in the People's Republic of China. That is not surprising, for the nation is large and geographically diverse; it has an enormous and heterogeneous population, nearly 20% of the world's population, and it is in the midst of extensive economie and gov-ernmental reforms.

Critical Analysis of the Présent Health Teaching System in Developing Countries

Author(s): M.K. Gabr

As defined by the WHO, the role of universities in health for ail is to assist, through education, with programs of professional manpower development, ad-vancement of knowledge through research, both basic and applied, and provision of service through constant interaction with the community (1).

Adaptation Of Pediatrie Education to Specifie Needs of Developing Countries: Critical Analysis of the Present Health Teaching System

Author(s): F.J. de Nobrega

In the critical analysis of the present teaching System, the training of the physician is perhaps the most important aspect.

Changing Needs In Pédiatrie Education In South Africa

Author(s): H. de V. Heese

Pediatrie education needs to be appropriate and effective to give those concemed with the care of the fetus and the child the necessary knowledge and skills to provide optimum health care in the environs in which they practice.

Health Education in Developing Countries and Authorities: Information, Motivation, and Decision

Author(s): C.A. Canosa

Ibelieve that we hâve given sufficient time during the morning session to the problems and challenges involved in pediatrie education and trying to meet the health needs of children in developing countries.

The Education of Pediatricians in North America

Author(s): F. D. Burg, V.C. Vaughan

The portion of North America south of the Rio Grande belongs ethnically, cultur-ally, and linguistically to Latin America. We shall deal with the United States of America (USA) and Canada, which occupy the major part of the temperate zone of North America, adjacent to the subtropics on the south and to the tundra of the Arc-tic regions on the far north.

Health Education for the Domestic Experiments of the Child in Industrialized Countries

Author(s): J.D. Baum

Child development does not progress on a linear time scale. As illustrated semi-diagramatically in Fig. 1, there are enormous changes in early infancy and child-hood and around the time of puberty and the middle teenage period.

Adaptation Of Pediatrie Education in Industrialized Countries: The Finnish Expérience

Author(s): J.K. Visakorpi

Pediatrie education in industrialized countries meets the same probleme as the whole health care system in these countries.

Adaptation of Pediatrie Education to Specifie Needs of Industrialized Countries

Author(s): T-Y. Huang

Never more than today has the pediatrician had such an important cultural and socioeducational role in the management of children's health problems. Besides protecting the health of the child from birth to adolescence, the pediatrician, who is aware of the considerable number of diseases that can arise during prenatal life (e.g., due to alcohol, smoking, drugs, or infections), must be capable of commu-nicating with the obstetrician and cooperating with him if required on pregnancy surveillance. This cooperation ideally inspires the function of a maternai-infant departaient.

Pediatrie Training in the European Community

Author(s): C.A. Canosa

During the last 20 years, the 12 countries belonging to the European Economie Community (EEC) were witnessing and aware of the profound scientific progress and sociocultural changes occurring in their respective countries and their impact on the health care of the populations.

Public Information Systems and Training of Health Workers

Author(s): T.C. Okeahialam

With the past three decades, there hâve been tremendous technological and medicaladvances that are relevant to the improvement of child health. In spite of these, the global picture of the health status of children, particularly in the developing countries, is still depressing.

Pediatrie Education for Health Workers and the Public: Periodic Evaluation and Continuous Training

Author(s): T.C. Okeahialam

A training course provides health workers with the knowledge and skills required in their practice in disease prevention and patient care. The effectiveness of the course depends on several factors, such as the duration and content of the course it-self, the educational background and motivating capability of the teacher, the qual-ity of the trainee, available learning materials and facilities for acquiring skill, and the training environment.

Pediatrie Education for Health Workers and the Public in Less Developed Countries

Author(s): J. Cravioto, P. Cravioto

To solve or at least minimize or ameliorate the main health problems of the ma-jority of the population in less developed countries, two strategies hâve been used, which hâve been derived principally from the planners' view of the nature of the health problems.

International Cooperation for Pediatrie Education

Author(s): Victor C. Vaughan III

Since World War II, there has been a massive infusion of graduâtes of foreign medical schools into training programs in pediatrics in the United States (USA). A large proportion of them hâve come from developing countries.

The Role of Foundations, National Governments and Non-Govemmental Organizations in International Coopération for Pediatrie Education

Author(s): W.D. Sawyer

Medical centers and medical education and research institutions regularly seek external financial assistance to enhance their programs.

The Role of International Organizations in Pediatrie Education

Author(s): C.A. Canosa

To illustrate some outstanding characteristics on the health and well-being of childrenand adolescents, and the necessity to hâve available adequate training and teaching programs, it would be convenient to document some epidemiological facts.